Preparing for the exam: If you have dentures (plates), you will be asked to remove them.
Your health care provider will inspect your face, neck, lips and mouth to look for any signs of cancer.
With both hands, he or she will feel the area under your jaw and the side of your neck, checking for lumps that may suggest cancer.
Next, your provider will have you stick out your tongue so it can be checked for swelling or abnormal colour or texture.
In addition, he or she will look at the roof and floor of your mouth, as well as the back of your throat.
He or she will then look at and feel the insides of your lips and cheeks to check for possible signs of cancer, such as red and/or white patches.
Using gauze, he or she will then gently pull your tongue to one side, then the other, to check the base of your tongue. The underside of your tongue will also be checked.
Finally, your provider will put one finger on the floor of your mouth and, with the other hand under your chin, gently press down to check for lumps or sensitivity.
You may be referred for further tests but there's no need to be alarmed - there are many possible explanations for a variety of symptoms. Please note you may be charged if referred on for further treatment.